blast furnace iron making pdf in austria

Creating Iron | HowSfWorks

­The more advanced way to smelt iron is in a blast furnace. A blast furnace is charged with iron ore, charcoal or coke (coke is charcoal made from coal) and limestone (CaCO 3 ­). Huge quantities of air blast in at the bottom of the furnace, and the calcium in the limestone coines with the silies to form slag.

Technological Changes in Blast Furnace Iron Making in

Keywords: Blast furnace, Indian Iron Making, technological changes, productivity 1. Introduction India is the 4th largest steel producer in the world. India produced 76.715 million tons of crude steel in the year of 2012 where world steel production was 1510.223 million


Modern steel making process uses a blast furnace for manufacturing steel. It can be divided into two egories: primary and secondary. Primary steel making includes “converting liquid iron from a blast furnace and steel scrap into steel via basic oxygen steel making or melting scrap steel and/or direct reduced iron (DRI) in an electric arc furnace”.

Technical Review Development of Iron-making Technology

1982 All blast furnace 40BFs in Japan start oil less operation Reducing agents 400kg/t-pig iron or less achievement (Fukuyama No.3 BF 396kg/t-pig iron) 1993 PCR200kg/t-pig iron or less achievement (Kimitsu) 1994 PCR100kg/t-pig iron or less achievement (monthly average in all Japanese BFs) 1997 CR400kg/t-pig iron or less achievement (yearly

Consumption for the Blast Furnace Iron Making Process in

iron and steel industry. Currently, blast furnace-basic oxygen furnace (BF-BOF) is one of the major production patterns [9]. Moreover, the whole iron making system (including coking, sintering, iron making and other processes) accounts for 70–75% of the total energy consumption in the integrated steel enterprise, whereas BFIMP is more than 50

Iron Ore Agglomeration Technologies

the iron content, but also the agglomeration processes to achieve a homogeneous material s size that could ensure a suitable operation in the furnace. Until the 1950s of the last century, oxidized iron ores with a granulometry within 10 and 120 mm were loaded into the blast furnace (lower sizes led to permeability problems in the furnace bed) [3].


It is a Direct Reduced Iron- Mini Blast Furnace- Electric Arc Furnace based steel plant at Rajgarh, Chhattisgarh engaged in the production of long products, structurals and rails with captive iron ore, coal mines and power plant production performance during 2003-04. …

Blast Furnace Regions Iron Making Furnace

Blast Furnace Regions –Iron Making Furnace • 35-40% Al 2 O 3 fire bricks are usually preferred. • The bricks are made by machine moulding under high pressure with the absence of air. HEARTH LINING • The lining in hearth should prevent breakouts/leakage and have high refractoriness • Carbon Blocks are used for lining whole wall

UDC 669 . 162 . 26 : 622 . 341 . 1-18 Blast Furnace

NIPPON STEEL TECHNICAL REPORT No. 94 July 2006 - 133 - UDC 669 . 162 . 26 : 622 . 341 . 1-18 Blast Furnace Ironmaking Process Using Pre-reduced Iron Ore

Everything You Need to Know About Making …

In the blast furnace, the coke is coined with iron ore and flux (small quantities of minerals like limestone), which collect more impurities. Heated air (about 1200 degrees Celsius) is blown to burn the coke and produce carbon monoxide, which reacts with the ore and melts the iron.


The SAIMM is a professional institute with local and international links aimed at assisting meers source information about technological developments in the mining, metallurgical and related sectors.

Iron Making -

28.11.2017· Blast Furnace: The Making of Iron with Animations and Diagrams - Duration: 10:22. Eduional Video Library Recommended for you

Modern Blast Furnace Ironmaking by Geerdes, …

Modern Blast Furnace Ironmaking: An Introduction (Third Edition, 2015) by M. Geerdes. This book describes the blast furnace process for operators. As a starting point, the blast furnace is seen as a simple iron ore melter, while gradually the physical, chemical and metallurgical background is clarified.

New Ironmaking Processes: Relevance to India

RDCIS 2 Emerging Scenario in Iron Making • More than 90% of world iron production is through Blast furnace technology route • Driving forces: Alternative Ironmaking technologies – Costly and scarce coking coal: Need to look beyond coking coal – possibility to use iron ore fines directly – Land-constraint – Environmental considerations • eliminate pollution-intensive sintering and

Cost Effectiveness Analysis of HYL and Midrex DRI

Steel Making Process and CO 2222 EmissionsEmissionsEmissions Steel is primarily made by one of two processes: the blast - basic oxygen furnace (BF-BOF), and the electric arc furnace (EAF). The BF-BOF is a two-step process. First, in the blast furnace, mined iron ore is coined with limestone and coke to form molten iron.


making slags are recycled to the blast furnace smelter to recover unreacted, pre-calcined lime, iron, and manganese oxides. The limitation on the recycle of steelmaking slag to the iron blast furnace is typically the impurity content, particularly the sulfur, phosphorus, and zinc. In copper smelting, converter slags can be recycled to

Bestevent Management

BUY, Chris (Robinson Research Institute, Victoria University of Wellington, PO Box 33436, Lower Hutt 5046, New Zealand)

2010 Energy intensity (Scrap-EAF; Iron and Steel Sector)

furnace steel plants (blast furnace) in other regions. In addition to the detailed paper on energy intensity of integrated blast furnace steel plants (converter steel) [1], reference to this paper on estimates of EAF energy intensity makes it possible to discuss the iron and steel sector extensively. 1. Estimate Overview of EAF Energy Intensity

How Steel is Made Using the Basic Oxygen Steelmaking Process

are added at the top (Blast Furnace). Within the Blast Furnace, temperatures reach up to 2700 degrees Fahrenheit. The superheated furnace causes the coke to continually coust, which further intensifies the heat. This causes the iron-ore to melt, and molten iron, also known as hot metal, is produced.

3 5 mw blast furnace gas boiler in south korea

Blast furnace - Wikipedia | 2019-5-12 · A blast furnace is a type of metallurgical furnace used for smelting to produce industrial metals, generally pig iron, but also others such as lead or copper. Blast refers to the coustion air being "forced" or supplied above atmospheric pressure.[1]

Recent Progress in Ironmaking Technology for 2 Mitigation

Blast Furnace Ore Layer5) 5.1 Background of Research Low reducing agent ratio (RAR) operation at the blast furnace is important for CO2 mitigation in the iron-making process. However, various problems arise in low RAR operation, including delayed reduction of the bur-den (iron ore), decrease in permeability due to enlarge-

Control of Pollution in the Iron and Steel Industry

blast furnace. Alternative quality feeds are limited in supply. This applies for pellets. The sintering converts fine-sized raw material, iron ore, coke breeze, limestone, mill scale, and flue dust into an agglomerated product (sinter) at suitable size for charging into the blast furnace. The raw materials are sometimes mixed with water to

The increasing role of direct reduced iron in global

This is different from blast furnace practice, where the ore is reduced mainly in the solid state, and carbon saturated iron (in the liquid state) is the product. Silica, which is absorbed in the blast furnace slag, is then removed. In the case of directly reduced iron, however, the quality of reduced

Blast Furnace Ironmaking : Ian Cameron : …

1. The iron blast furnace process 2. Inside the blast furnace 3. Making steel from molten blast furnace iron 4. Introduction to the blast furnace mass balance 5. Introduction to the blast furnace enthalpy balance 6. Coining mass and enthalpy balance equations 7. Conceptual division of the blast furnace - bottom segment calculations 8.

Injection of coal and waste plastics in blast furnaces

important because of the affect on furnace permeability. Utilising injectants with a high burnout and optimising operating conditions, such as blast temperature and oxygen enrichment, can improve coustion efficiency. Interactions between coal and wastes plastics can be exploited to improve their coustion efficiency.

Direct Reduced Iron (DRI) Production Plant

3. Increase in the productivity of blast furnaces The productivity of a blast furnace increased with charging DRI with large metallic iron content to it. (When 100 kg of DRI is used for the production of 1 ton of molten iron, the production of molten iron increases by 10 - …

A Comparison of Blast Furnace and Corex …

Iron-making provides a vital engineering input in the process of steel production. This requires huge investment and hence, selection of an appropriate iron-making technology is very crucial in a capital scarce country like India. However, in this arena Blast furnace (BF) technology is considered as proven and the dominant one. Meanwhile, a new technology named Corex has emerged in this field.